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After the battle of Borodoni Franz Roubaud worked on a great panorama painting of 115 meters long.
looking at the big panorama painting by Franz Roubaud I noticed that some of the Russian imperial army soldiers were wearing what almost seemed like Santa hats.(Mitre caps as explained in answer)
If I am not mistaken this is frame two of the panorama painting.
What are these hats and the function of those wearing them?
My first guess would be they are officers or special units/soldiers, but a search on the internet did not help.
Those seem like the mitre caps which would be part of grenadier uniform in many armies of the time, including imperial Russia. I don't have a good source there but here's an example of a very similar uniform from a Russian grenadier regiment.
Here are grenadiers of three British regiments from what appears to be the late 18th century:
The hats don't have any special function aside from making an impression - grenadiers were generally elite troops selected among other things for their height, and a tall hat visually makes the already tall men seem even taller. Another hat type associated with grenadiers is the tall bearskin hat that modern tourists might have seen in London worn by the Queen's Guard.
It's also worth noting that by the time of Battle of Borodino the standard grenadier uniform in Imperial Russia had already switched to the shako hat (the other type of hats in this painting), so this picture might even be used to limit the troopers to a specific regiment such as the Pavlovsky Guard Regiment (Russian: Павловский лейб-гвардии полк) which retained the mitre hats after this reform.